Not by Fire but by Ice


Discover What Killed the Dinosaurs . . . and Why it Could Soon Kill Us


Longer term Solar Minimum
could lead to Little Ice Age

A Dalton-like solar minimum appears a real possibility

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15 Aug 09 – “Many scientists are believing that a Dalton-like solar minimum appears a real possibility given the recent solar behavior,” says this article on Icecap.** “Even David Hathaway of NASA has recently conceded that ‘possibility’ to the New York Times.”

          ** Icecap is not just a bunch of wild-eyed "deniers." Scroll down to
              see a list of some of their experts.

“In EOS* of 28 July 2009 there is a very well written feature-length article by astronomer Emeritus Dr. William Livingston and Associate Astronomer Dr Matthew Penn entitled ”Are Sunspots Different During This Sunspot Minimum?”

 Livingston and Penn answer yes.

Their central finding is that regardless of the relation to the sunspot cycles, magnetic intensity in sunspots is decreasing and if this continues in the same way as it has for the last 15 years, the Sun will be devoid of sunspots in five years time: overall the Sun’s energetic output will decline significantly inducing another little ice age on the Earth.” (Italics added.)
   See larger image here.

Why worry about is a lack of sunspot activity?

“During a period from 1645 to 1715 the Sun entered an extended period of low activity known as the Maunder Minimum,” say Livingston and Penn. “For a time equivalent to several sunspot cycles the Sun displayed few sunspots.  Models of the Sun’s irradiance suggest that the solar energy input to the Earth decreased during that epoch, and that this lull in solar activity may explain the low temperatures recorded in Europe during the Little Ice Age”.

                                           Article continues below:


The current solar cycle is the longest in at least 150 years, says Dr. Richard Mackey of
Australia, a solar statistician expert. It has had more sunspot-less days - 689 days as of
today – which is more than double the number in the cycles the last half century, said
Mackey, a peer-reviewed author on solar climate factors.

“Other scientists report that the solar wind (a large proportion of the Sun’s output of
matter in the plasma form) is in a lower energy state than found since space measurements
began nearly 40 years ago.” (Another reason to believe that it will grow even colder.)

Then there’s the feature article “Natural antidote to global warming” written by Sir John
Maddox, then the editor of Nature and published in Nature on 21 September 1995. Sir
John referred to the extensive research published up to 1995 indicating the Sun-climate
relationship and that the Sun was likely to enter into a Maunder Minimum inducing state
(The last Little Ice Age)
sometime during the first few decades of the new millennium.”

“Livingston and Penn and a large number of solar physicists … say that the likelihood
of the Earth being seized by Maunder Minimum is now greater that the Earth being seized
by a period of global warming.”

See entire article(including graphs), originally entitled
“Longer term Solar Minimum – Dalton or Maunder”
Thanks to Mike McEvoy for this link

* EOS is the professional publication of the American Geophysical Union. The feature
articles in EOS are generally supportive of the IPCC dogma, so this is a very important

** Icecap is not just a bunch of wild-eyed “deniers”
Here are some of the experts whose stories you may see on Icecap :

Joseph D’Aleo, Executive Director, Certified Consultant Meteorologist and Fellow
of the American Meteorological Society (AMS).

Robert C. Balling Jr., Professor of Climatology, Arizona State University

Sallie Baliunas, Astrophysicist

Reid A. Bryson, Ph.D. D.Sc. D.Engr., Global 500 Laureate, Senior Scientist,
Center for Climatic Research, Emeritus Prof. of Meteorology, of Geography, and
of Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

Robert Carter, Researcher at the Marine Geophysical Laboratory at James Cook
University, Australia, a paleontologist, stratigrapher and marine geologist with more
than thirty years of professional experience with degrees from the University of
Otago (New Zealand) and the University of Cambridge (England

John Coleman, Founder of The Weather Channel, TV Meteorologist KUSI-TV,
San Diego. John has been a TV weatherman since he was a freshman in college in 1953.

William Cotton, Professor in the Department of Atmospheric Science at Colorado
State University

Chris De Freitas, climate scientist in the School of Geography, Geology and
Environmental Science at the University of Auckland. Chris has Bachelors and
Masters degrees from the University of Toronto and a PhD from the University
of Queensland as a Commonwealth Scholar.

David Deming, Associate Professor of Arts and Science at the University of
Oklahoma, graduated from Indiana University in 1983 with a BS degree in geology
and received a Ph.D in geophysics from the University of Utah in 1988.

Bob Durrenberger, Retired Climatologist, a meteorologist for 65 years and a
climatologist for 60+ years.

Mel Goldstein, Chief Meteorologist for News Channel 8 in Connecticut.

Dr. Vincent Gray, an “Expert Reviewer” for the Intergovernmental Panel
on Climate Change, has published many papers on climate science including
detailed critiques on each of the IPCC science reports.

Dr. William Gray, Meteorologist, may be the world’s most famous
hurricane expert.

Ben Herman, Professor and former Head of the Atmospheric Sciences
Department at the University of Arizona and former Director of the Institute
of Atmospheric Physics

Douglas V. Hoyt, Solar Physicist and Climatologist, has worked for more
than thirty years as a research scientist in the field.

Warwick Hughes, Earth Scientist, a graduate in geology from Auckland
University who has carried out pioneering research on surface temperature

Madhav Khandekar, retired Meteorologist, formerly with Environment
Canada, specializes in understanding extreme weather events in Canada
and in other parts of the world.

David Legates, Associate Professor in Climatology, University of Delaware

Joseph E. Luisi, Former Chief Meteorologist for Delta Airlines, with the
Delta Air Lines Meteorology Department for 28 years.  

Anthony Lupo, Professor of Atmospheric Science,
University of Missouri-Columbia

Pat Michaels, Research professor of environmental sciences,
University of Virginia

H. Michael “Mike” Mogil, Certified Consulting Meteorologist, a
seasoned meteorologist with B.S. and M.S. degrees in meteorology
from Florida State University.

Tad Murty, Adjunct Professor of Earth Sciences and Civil Engineering,
University of Ottawa.

James O’Brien, Director Emeritus of the Center for Ocean-Atmospheric
Prediction Studies at Florida State University

Tom Victor Segalstad, Associate Professor of Resource- and
Environmental Geology at the University of Oslo and expert IPCC reviewer

Dr. Gary Sharp, Scientific Director, Center for Climate/Ocean Resources Study

S. Fred Singer, President of the Science & Environment Policy Project.
Singer is also a Distinguished Research Professor at George Mason
University and professor emeritus of environmental science at the
University of Virginia.

Roy Spencer, Principal Research Scientist, University of Alabama and
the U.S. Science Team Leader for the Advanced Microwave Scanning
Radiometer on NASA’s Aqua satellite. Received his Ph.D. in Meteorology
from the University of Wisconsin in 1981.

George Taylor, Certified Consulting Meteorologist, who  retired in 2008
after 19 years as State Climatologist for Oregon.

Hendrik Tennekes, Former Director of Research, Royal Netherlands
Meteorological Institute

Richard C. Willson, Principal Investigator, ACRIM Experiments,
holds a doctoral degree in Atmospheric Sciences from the University
of California-Los Angeles, and B.S. and M.S. degrees in Physics



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